Embryological remnant of tissue or apnoneurosis of the genioglossus muscle in the midline between the undersurface of the tongue and the floor of the mouth that restricts tongue movement. Ankyloglossia is a severely restricted tongue-tie.
The myofunctional therapist has been trained to assess the tongue and develop normal tongue functions. If there is a restricted lingual frenum or “tongue-tie”, the myofunctional therapist will refer the patient to the proper doctor who will release the restriction surgically and immediately following the procedure the myofunc- tional therapist will re-pattern the tongue muscles to assure maximum benefit from the procedure.
If the tongue is not able to function normally, the growth and development of the stomatognathic system is compromised. This may affect digestion, speech, breathing, dental occlusion, TMJ function, posture, sleep disordered breathing and chronic pain patterns of the head and neck.
5. Tongue Tie
–Marchesan IQ. Lingual Frenum: Classi cation and Speech Interference. International Journal of Orofacial Myology, 2004. (30):31-38.
–Marchesan IQ. Lingual Frenulum: Quantitative Evaluation Proposal. International Journal of Orofacial Myology, 2005. (31):39-48.
–Marchesan IQ, Teixeira AD, Cattoni DM. Correlations between di erent lingual frenulums and speech disorders. Revista do Disturbios da Comunicação 2010.. 22(3): 195-200. [Brazilian]